What is wicker anyhow?
Wicker is a general classification of woven furniture and accents, not a specific material. The term is used broadly for any item woven from natural or synthetic hard fibers such as rattan, cane, bamboo, seagrass, even synthetic vinyls and resins.
The primary material used to create wicker is rattan "vine," which is actually a prolific climbing palm called Calamus. It can grow up to 600' in length—up to 36" in a single day—making it an abundant, sustainable resource. The production of wicker furniture often utilizes material from the entire rattan plant: Peel, core, pole and all.
When rattan's outer skin or peel is removed and cut into thin strips, the resulting material is called cane. Rattan cane is used for weaving chair seats or wrapping joints on wicker furniture and is produced in many different gauges, ranging from carriage fine to the largest slab rattan. It has a natural glossy finish and does not accept stain or paint well, but is considered most beautiful in its natural state.
Rattan cane packed in wet clay and allowed to season is known as Kubu or Kubu gray, due to its soft ashen color. Kubu rattan is exceptionally strong and is prized by furniture-lovers for its distinctive dusky shade.
Reed is the thin, flexible material inside the rattan core. Most often used for basket weaving, it may also function as an ornamental element in wicker furniture. Unlike cane, it has no natural finish and readily accepts paint or stain.
Bamboo resembles rattan and is often mistaken for it; however, one of the biggest differences between the two materials is that bamboo has a hollow core and rattan is solid. Also, bamboo has distinguishing ridges where the leaves were attached, while rattan's leaf nodes are not so pronounced.
Made popular in 19th century England, willow or twig furniture is still crafted today, although the supple branches are now most often used in basketry. Willow can be soaked for flexibility and woven or bent to form graceful, rounded shapes.
The term seagrass is used for a variety of flowering plants, such as water hyacinth, that grow in shallow coastal waters. Seagrasses are not related to seaweed, which is in fact a marine macroalgae, but are more closely akin to the lily. Leaves are generally long and narrow, resembling terrestrial grasses.
Banana leaf furniture is made from natural banana leaf or abaca fibers that are dried, twisted and braided into a rope. The rope is then woven over a frame to create furniture and basketry. Handsome and highly durable.
How Pier 1 wicker is made
There are three stages in typical Pier 1 wicker furniture production.
Rattan is used here as the example:
Large, broom-handle-sized rattan pole is steamed and bent into the desired shape using a jig or mold. Once dry, these formed pieces are assembled to make the frame. All wicker furniture frames from Pier 1 are first nailed or screwed together and then may be wrapped with rattan peel, which adds both strength and a decorative element.
Done completely by hand, weaving takes from one to four days, depending on the type and complexity of the piece. The tighter the weave, the more time is needed and the more costly the process. Rattan strips are attached and woven over the frame in either an open (spaced) or closed (tight) weave.
Every piece of wicker furniture crafted for Pier 1 features a minimum of seven finishing steps:
- Deburring (rattan ends are burned off for a smooth feel)
- First color coat applied
- Second color coat applied
What makes our wicker better than others? In addition to the above steps, we also go the extra mile, exceeding industry standards to produce the best quality wicker furniture possible:
- Only large, sturdy rattan strands are used.
- Rattan is bleached prior to construction to ensure even color.
- Paint is evenly applied, sanded and lacquered for a smooth, consistent finish.
- Each piece is painted or stained completely, including backs and bottoms.
- Each piece is reinforced with cross-bracing for maximum stability.
- Foot glides are included on all Pier 1 wicker furniture to protect floors.