What is wicker?
Wicker is a general term for woven furniture and accents, not a specific material. The term is used broadly for any item woven from synthetic to natural hard fibers such as rattan, bamboo, seagrass and more.
The primary material used to create wicker is rattan “vine,” which is actually a name for more than 600 prolicic climbing plants. Some species can grow more than 300 feet in length—making rattan an abundant, sustainable resource. The production of wicker furniture often utilizes material from the entire plant: Peel, core, pole and all.
When rattan’s outer skin or peel is removed and cut into thin strips, the resulting material is called cane. Rattan cane is used for weaving chair seats or wrapping joints on wicker furniture and is produced in many different gauges, ranging from carriage fine to the largest slab rattan. It has a natural glossy finish and does not accept stain or paint well, but is considered most beautiful in its natural state.
Rattan cane packed in wet clay and allowed to season is known as Kubu or Kubu gray, due to its soft ashen color. Kubu rattan is exceptionally strong and is prized by furniture-lovers for its distinctive dusky shade.
Reed is the thin, flexible material inside the rattan core. Most often used for basket weaving, it may also function as an ornamental element in wicker furniture. Unlike cane, it has no natural finish and readily accepts paint or stain.
Bamboo resembles rattan and is often mistaken for it. But unlike rattan, which is solid, bamboo has a hollow core. Bamboo also has distinguishing ridges where the leaves were attached, while rattan’s leaf nodes are not as pronounced.
Made popular in 19th century England, willow or twig furniture is still crafted today, although the supple branches are now most often used in basketry. Willow can be soaked for flexibility and woven or bent to form graceful, rounded shapes.
The term seagrass is used for a variety of flowering plants, such as water hyacinth, that grow in shallow coastal waters. Seagrasses are not related to seaweed but are more closely akin to the lily. Leaves are generally long and narrow, resembling terrestrial grasses.
Banana leaf furniture is made from natural banana fibers that are dried, twisted and braided into a rope. The rope is then woven over a frame to create furniture and basketry that is handsome and highly durable.
How Pier 1
wicker is made
There are three stages in typical Pier 1 wicker furniture production.
Rattan is used here as the example:
Large, broom-handle-sized rattan pole is steamed and bent into the desired shape using a jig or mold. Once dry, these formed pieces are assembled to make the frame. All wicker furniture frames from Pier 1 are first nailed or screwed together and then may be wrapped with rattan peel, which adds both strength and a decorative element.
Done completely by hand, weaving takes from one to four days, depending on the type and complexity of the piece. The tighter the weave, the more time needed and the costlier the process. Rattan strips are attached and woven over the frame in an open (spaced) or closed (tight) weave.
Every piece of wicker furniture crafted for Pier 1 features a minimum of seven finishing steps:
- Deburring (rattan ends are burned off for a smooth feel)
- Applying first color coat
- Applying second color coat
What makes our wicker better than others? In addition to the above steps, we also go the extra mile, exceeding industry standards to produce the best quality wicker furniture possible:
- Only large, sturdy rattan strands are used.
- Rattan is bleached prior to construction to ensure even color.
- Paint is evenly applied to each piece, which is then sanded and lacquered for a smooth, consistent finish.
- Each piece is painted or stained completely, including backs and bottoms.
- Each piece is reinforced with cross-bracing for maximum stability.
- Foot glides are included on all Pier 1 wicker furniture to protect floors.
Care of your
Pier 1 wicker
- Because wicker is a natural material, exposure to the elements is not recommended (except for all-weather wicker). Moisture and sunlight are rattan’s biggest enemies. Enjoy your wicker furniture indoors or in a covered outdoor environment.
- Vacuum regularly to remove dust. Occasionally clean with a wood cleaner to remove grime and retain natural luster.
- On dark wicker, use a furniture polish containing a stain.
- If furniture is exposed to moisture and develops mildew, simply wipe the affected area with ¼ cup bleach added to 1 quart of water. Test first on an inconspicuous spot as this solution may lighten the rattan’s color slightly. Rinse with a wet cloth and allow to dry completely. When using this method, be sure to take the item outdoors and wear protective goggles, gloves with cuffs and old clothing.
- To maintain your wicker’s like-new appearance, apply a fresh coat of semi-gloss or gloss lacquer every few years.
Now that you’re a wicker wizard, here are a few fun factoids to throw around at parties.
- It takes approximately 10,000 weavers to produce enough wicker to supply Pier 1 stores.
- Wicker lasts. The earliest known evidence of wicker furniture dates back to 4000 B.C., while the oldest surviving pieces date from the Egyptian Empire (1500 – 1000 B.C.) and include chests, wig boxes, hassocks and chairs.
- Wicker was found in the tombs of both Cleopatra and King Tut.
- You think that’s old? The Talarurus dinosaur (Greek for “wicker-tailed”) was so named for the wicker-like tendons that stiffened its deadly tail. Google it.
- The Victorians believed wicker’s smooth surface to be more hygienic than upholstered furniture.
- The first wicker in America was a baby crib, which arrived on the Mayflower in 1620.
- For his first transatlantic flight in 1927, Charles Lindbergh had a wicker pilot’s seat installed in his plane, The Spirit of St. Louis.
- Rattan is so strong that it’s used to construct hot air balloon gondolas. And the Malaysians use it to build suspension bridges.
- Rattan cane was once the standard implement for school corporal punishment in England and Wales, and is still used in some countries.
- The Potawatami Indians believed there was an old lady who lived on the moon weaving a basket. It was said that when the basket was finished, the world would end. Yikes.